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  • Laser refractive surgery

    LASIK (Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis) is a popular surgical procedure used to correct common vision problems such as myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism. The goal of LASIK is to reshape the cornea, the clear front part of the eye, in order to improve the way light enters the eye and focuses on the retina, thus reducing the dependence on glasses or contact lenses.


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    <p><a href="">Ophthalmologist</a>, discusses SMILE eye surgery as an option for some patients who want to eliminate the need for glasses.</p>

    Ophthalmologist, discusses SMILE eye surgery as an option for some patients who want to eliminate the need for glasses.

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    <p><a href="">Ophthalmologist</a>, discusses the different types of refractive laser eye surgery to correct vision.</p>

    Ophthalmologist, discusses the different types of refractive laser eye surgery to correct vision.

  • SMILE Eye Surgery for Vision Correction

    SMILE (Small Incision Lenticule Extraction) is indeed a laser refractive surgery procedure used to correct vision problems such as nearsightedness (myopia) and astigmatism. It differs from LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis) in a few key aspects.


    In SMILE, a femtosecond laser is used to create a thin, lens-shaped piece of tissue called a lenticule within the cornea. The lenticule contains the necessary correction for your vision. Unlike LASIK, no flap is created on the surface of the cornea. Instead, a small incision of about two millimeters is made to remove the lenticule. This method eliminates the need for flap creation and the associated risks that come with it.

    One advantage of SMILE is the reduced risk of the corneal flap being dislodged or moved, making it potentially more suitable for individuals engaged in contact sports or other physical activities. However, it's important to consult with your optometrist or local refractive surgeon to determine if SMILE is the right option for you. They can assess your candidacy and provide information on the potential risks and benefits specific to your situation.

    The risks associated with SMILE are similar to those of LASIK and may include dry eyes and halos, which are usually temporary. While there is a small risk of regression, meaning a slight return to your previous prescription, enhancement procedures are often available to address such cases.

    Remember that it's always advisable to consult with a qualified ophthalmologist or optometrist who can evaluate your individual circumstances and provide personalized recommendations. They can work in conjunction with your family physician or a registered dietitian to ensure comprehensive care for your eye health. Additionally, maintaining a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet and regular exercise can contribute to overall well-being, including eye health.

    If you suspect you are experiencing symptoms of LASIK (Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis) or have questions about them, it's advisable to contact your local optometrist or family physician. They can provide guidance, diagnosis, and appropriate care based on your individual situation.

    The physicians are in good standing with the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Canadian Ophthalmological Society and the Canadian Medical Association


  • What to Expect After Laser Treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy

    After undergoing laser eye surgery, it is normal to experience a brief period of vision discoloration, usually lasting about 10 to 15 minutes. Initially, the vision may appear purple, but it will gradually transition to red or pink, and then return to normal within the specified time frame.

    Headaches can occasionally occur after the procedure, but they are rare. If you do experience a headache, it can usually be alleviated with over-the-counter pain relievers like Tylenol.

    It is important to arrange for someone to drive you home after the surgery because your vision may still be blurry or impaired due to the dilation of your pupils. Once the dilation wears off, which typically takes a few hours, there are no activity restrictions, and you can resume your normal daily activities.

    Using electronic devices such as cell phones, computers, reading books, or watching TV is generally allowed while waiting for the dilation to wear off. However, it's always best to follow the specific instructions provided by your eye surgeon or healthcare professional.

    If you experience any concerning issues after the procedure, such as a significant increase in floaters or loss of vision, it is important to seek immediate medical assistance. Contact your eye surgeon or go to the nearest emergency room to address any post-surgery complications promptly.

    In addition to eye specialists like ophthalmologists or optometrists, consulting with your family physician or a registered dietitian can also be beneficial for managing eye conditions and symptoms. Maintaining a healthy diet and engaging in regular exercise are important for overall health, including eye health.

    Here's a general overview of what is involved in LASIK surgery:

    1. Pre-operative Evaluation: Before undergoing LASIK, you will have a comprehensive eye examination to determine if you are a suitable candidate for the procedure. This evaluation includes assessing the shape and thickness of your cornea, measuring your prescription, and checking for any other eye conditions that may affect the surgery.

    2. Numbing the Eye: On the day of the surgery, anesthetic eye drops will be administered to numb your eye, ensuring you remain comfortable throughout the procedure.

    3. Creation of Corneal Flap: The surgeon uses a microkeratome (a precision surgical instrument) or a femtosecond laser to create a thin, hinged flap on the outer layer of the cornea. The flap is lifted and folded back to expose the underlying corneal tissue.

    4. Corneal Reshaping: With the corneal flap lifted, an excimer laser is used to precisely remove a predetermined amount of corneal tissue. The laser reshapes the cornea by removing microscopic layers, which allows for the correction of your specific vision error.

      • Myopia: The laser is used to flatten the cornea, reducing its curvature.
      • Hyperopia: The laser is used to steepen the cornea, increasing its curvature.
      • Astigmatism: The laser is used to smooth irregularities in the cornea, making it more spherical.
    5. Flap Replacement: Once the corneal reshaping is complete, the surgeon gently repositions the corneal flap back into its original position. The flap adheres without the need for stitches, as it naturally begins to heal.

    6. Post-operative Care: After the surgery, you will be given additional eye drops to prevent infection and aid in the healing process. You may also be required to wear a protective shield over your eyes for a short period to prevent accidental rubbing or pressure.

    LASIK is typically performed as an outpatient procedure, meaning you can go home on the same day. The surgery itself usually takes only a few minutes per eye, and both eyes are typically done during the same session, with a short interval between them.

    It's important to note that while LASIK is a highly effective procedure, it may not be suitable for everyone. Factors such as the thickness of your cornea, the stability of your prescription, and the presence of certain eye conditions can impact candidacy. It's essential to consult with an experienced refractive surgeon who can evaluate your specific situation and provide personalized recommendations.


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