People who are living with type 1 or type 2 diabetes will usually work with a local endocrinologist. A local endocrinologist is a medical doctor who specializes in the study of hormones and hormone-related disorders. In addition to diabetes, some of the conditions that a local endocrinologist may treat include hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism and metabolic syndrome. If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, you will probably work with a number of health care providers, including a local family physician, endocrinologist, ophthalmologist and/or optometrist and registered dietitian. For example, people with diabetes must see an ophthalmologist and/or optometrist once a year to help prevent diabetes-related eye conditions such as diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment and glaucoma. A local endocrinologist can perform physical exams, screening and testing; prescribe diabetes medications; help prevent diabetes-related complications and offer exercising and nutritional advice such as eating a low-glycemic diet and lowering cholesterol. Your local endocrinologist can refer you to other health care providers as needed, whether it’s a local cardiologist or a registered dietitian.